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The Great Pyramid and Pi: A Monumental Mystery

Updated: Mar 14

The Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, has stood as a testament to the architectural prowess of the ancient Egyptians for millennia.

Its construction has been a subject of fascination and debate among historians, archaeologists, and mathematicians. One of the most intriguing aspects of the Great Pyramid’s design is its relationship with the mathematical constant Pi (π).

The Great Pyramid and Pi: A Monumental Mystery

Pi in the Pyramid's proportions

Pi in the Pyramid's proportions

The dimensions of the Great Pyramid are such that the perimeter of its base divided by its height gives a number remarkably close to 2π1.

This has led to speculation that the ancient Egyptians might have had an understanding of Pi.

The pyramid’s slope, which approximates the number 4/π, further fuels this theory.

Mathematical Papyri and Pi

Named after Alexander Henry Rhind, a Scottish antiquarian, the Rhind papyrus was acquired during illegal excavations near the Ramesseum in 1858 in Luxor, Egypt.

It dates back to approximately 1650 BC.

The Rhind papyrus contains a wealth of mathematical problems and solutions and provides insight into the mathematical knowledge of ancient Egypt. It includes a formula for calculating the area of a circle that implies an approximation of Pi as (16/9)², or about 3.16, which is remarkably close to the true value, and it indicates that the Egyptians had a practical understanding of circular dimensions.

Rhind Mathematical Papyrus

This papyrus is one of the main sources suggesting that the Egyptians used an empirical understanding of Pi in their calculations.

Architectural Intent or Mathematical Coincidence?

The question remains: was the use of Pi in the Great Pyramid intentional or a mere coincidence? Some argue that the Egyptians, known for their empirical approach to mathematics, might have arrived at these dimensions through trial and error rather than a theoretical understanding of Pi.

Others suggest that the pyramid’s design could be a representation of the Earth, with its height corresponding to the radius joining the center of the Earth to the North Pole and the perimeter corresponding to the Earth’s circumference at the Equator.

Conclusion: The Legacy of Pi in Stone

Whether the Great Pyramid’s alignment with Pi was deliberate or accidental, it remains a remarkable feat. The pyramid stands not as a monument to the deceased "Pharaoh" but as a potential marker of the ancient Egyptians’ mathematical knowledge.

The Great Pyramid continues to be a source of wonder and a symbol of the enduring legacy of ancient Egyptian civilization. This article provides a glimpse into the fascinating relationship between the Great Pyramid and the mathematical constant Pi, exploring the evidence and theories that surround this ancient enigma.



About the Author

Mohammad Awyan Archaeo-Acoustics & Sound Healing Egypt

Mohammad is the grandson of Abd’el Hakim Awyan, a famous Egyptian wisdom keeper known for his work on the Pyramid Code. Mohammad and his family have lived on the land at the base of the Sphinx and Pyramids for many generations. Since childhood, he has studied the mysteries of Egyptian archaeoacoustics and sound healing with his grandfather and other scholars. Mohammad has a bachelor’s degree in tourism and has hosted several successful tours of Egypt, sharing his wealth of knowledge and expertise to help people answer questions about Ancient Egypt that they may not have been able to answer before. His personal expertise is religion, spirituality, and the ascension of human consciousness. He has been on tours with his equally famous uncle Yousef Awyan and had many discussions with other researchers of Egyptian history, archeology and energy like Ibrahim Karim, Hugh Newman, Andrew Collins, Robert Schoch, and Brien Foerster. In addition to this, he has studied hieroglyphs with Professor Mohamed Hassan Gaber. Mohammad is also the founder of Archeao-acoustics & Sound Healing, a website dedicated to sharing information about the different manifestations of vibrational energy in Egypt. He currently resides in Giza with his wife and family. You can find more information about Mohammad at

Ready to see Egypt! Join Mohammad on a group tour as he takes you back in time with tales of the enigmatic Great Pyramid of Giza or sign up for a private tour and explore Egypt at your own pace. Prices start at $31.25/hr for a private tour based on availability.

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